Prison Industries

Rajasthan  Prison Administration has undertaken exhaustive vocational skill development programmes for convicted inmates which can go a long way in rehabilitating them after their release.

Vocational training in various trades is provided to convicted inmates in nine jails of the state. These trades are making durries, niwar, cloth dyeing, carpentry, iron-smithy, stitching, hosiery cloth manufacturing, spices grinding, Phenyl, Broomas, Poncha, mask, Jhadu etc. Power looms have been installed for manufacturing cloth in jails. Convicted inmates learn various trade skills in the Jail Factories at various Central Jails. These programmes have not only resulted in learning a trade but also provided monetary gains to jail inmates. The Social Justice & Empowerment Department of Rajasthan Government provides assistance to released offenders for their post-release rehabilitation.

Wages are paid to inmates for the work against labour done in jail factories. Training in simple trades.

As the object of vocational training to the inmates is their reformation and rehabilitation, training in simple industrial trades like wireman, fitter, carpenter, diesel mechanic, mason work, cutting & sewing are conducted and inmates are given certificates by ITI to enable them to seek employment after release. Vocational Training Apart from Industrial Training, the inmates are given training in the following simple trades also by the Government as well as NGOs for their rehabilitation:
(1) Making durries & niwar; 
(2)Stitching & dyeing cloth including mask;
(3) Carpentry; 
(4) Iron-smithy & Desert Coolers;
(5) Iron furniture; and
(6) Hosiery cloth manufacturing.

(7) Spices Grinding

(8) Phenyl,  Broomas  & Poncha

All Nine Central Jails and Special Central Jail Shyalawas have Jail factories where training and employment is being given to approximately 2000 convicts at any given time. The department aims at employing all the convicts in the Jail factories. These factories activities not only provide financial support to inmates but also act as a training and rehabilitation institution and help the administration in maintaining peace in the Jail. 
The various works being undertaken in different sections of the Jail Factory are:-

Weaving Section

This section manufacture cloth(White), carpets, convicts Chaddar, Woollen Chaddar, Fine Chaddar, Dasuti Cloth/Khesla,  Handloom durries, and Dusters. Installation of new power-loom machines has not only augmented the production capacity of the section, but has also created a training ground for convicts working on these machines. Apart from meeting
internal requirements of the Jail, the department has been privileged to secure orders from various departments of the Government of Rajasthan and from the private sector in small quantity. Hosiery cloth for making vests is also manufactured in powerlooms of jail factories.

Carpentry Section

This section is instrumental in supply of Desks/Tables & Chairs to various schools and other governmental offices in the state of Rajasthan and public at large.


This section manufacture & supply desert coolers, steel Almirah, steel racks and iron furniture to various schools and other governmental offices in the state of Rajasthan and public at large.

Goods worth 1.75 Cr. were produced in the jail factory during year 2019-20.

Clothing and bedding

All convict prisoners are provided with prison clothing and all other prisoners are permitted to use their own clothing.

Prison Band

Prisoners’ Band groups have been formed at Central Prison Jaipur, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Bikaner and Kota. Prisoners are given training in playing band instruments.These bands are sent on private functions against fixed charges. Half of the income generated by prisoners’ band is distributed to the prisoners working in band and the other half is spent on maintenance of the band.

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